POLICY No 3 May 1983


Definitions | Policy | Notes


Commercial Development: A commercial development is one which provides goods or services for money. A commercial development can be run by the National Parks and Wildlife Service or by other government instrumentalities or by private enterprise.

National Parks, State Recreation Areas, Wilderness and Nature Reserves: These are defined under the National Parks and Wildlife Act, 1974.


1. There should be no commercial developments in wilderness areas or in nature reserves.

2. The National Parks and Wildlife Service should be the only body to engage in commercial developments in national parks and state recreation areas. Private commercial developments should be located at suitable sites outside national parks, e.g. Jindabyne (for Kosciusko National Park).

3. All commercial developments in national parks must always be regarded as exceptions, impositions and interferences. Every commercial development must be fully justified before being commenced, and must remain justifiable. The only justification for any concession must relate to "appropriate use". No commercial development can be justified by reference to any other factor such as a desire of a government. Where there are existing private commercial developments in parks, a phasing out plan should be part of the management plan.

4. Any commercial developments, including car camping, should be located as near as practicable to the periphery of the area, unless there are environmental reasons for another location. Siting of a development closer to a recreation resource (such as a ski field or water) may be justified.

5. Before a commercial development is decided upon, all relevant factors should be carefully examined. These factors should include whether the development will result in excess use, and whether the use is appropriate. An analysis of a proposal for commercial development should be advertised and furnished by the National Parks and Wildlife Service to the Minister, the Advisory Council and the Advisory Committee for the particular park. In appropriate cases, an environmental impact statement should be prepared.

6. Where camping with basic facilities is provided, a charge is acceptable (Note 1).

7. In state recreation areas where sophisticated facilities are provided for camping and caravans, higher charges are appropriate (Note 2).

8. Stores selling basic requirements and information literature may be provided at access points on the periphery of the more remote national parks. It is preferable for them to be in association with the ranger's residence and open for a few hours per day (Note 3).

9. Bookshops, selling National Parks and Wildlife Service literature, posters and cards, could be developed, particularly in parks with high day use associated with tourism.

10. Equipment suitable for use in outdoor activities, such as bicycles, skis, canoes and packs, may be offered for hire from the National Parks and Wildlife Service in national parks and state recreation areas (Note 4).

11. The erection of structures and the alienation of land in national parks, state recreation areas, wilderness areas and nature reserves to facilitate commercial activities outside the areas by semi-government, government or private organisations, should not be permitted (Note 5).

12. The National Parks and Wildlife Service should explore the possibility of charging fees for vehicles entering all parks.


1. Any basic camping facilities in national parks should be environmentally acceptable and non-polluting.

2. It is necessary to emphasise the difference between national parks and recreation areas. Where recreation areas provide elaborate camping (hot showers, laundries and flush toilets), the Service must set a high standard of environmentally planned and non-polluting camp and caravan parks.

3. The stores should provide basic provisions such as meat, vegetables, milk, bread and soap; not unnecessary extras such as confectionery.

4. Hiring the right equipment can enhance visitors' experience, education and enjoyment of natural areas. Careful choice of equipment would be necessary.

5. This is a reference to structures such as electricity power lines and transmission towers for radio and television signals.


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